Initiated by the works of mural artists like Graham Rust or Rainer Maria Latzke in the 1980s, trompe-l'oeil painting has experienced a renaissance in private and public buildings in Europe.
Today, the beauty of a wall mural has become much more widely available with a technique whereby a painting or photographic image is transferred to poster paper or canvas which is then pasted to a wall surface (see wallpaper, Frescography) to give the effect of either a hand-painted mural or realistic scene.
They are often not fitted to the individual wall sizes of the client and their personal ideas or wishes can not be added to the mural as it progresses.
The Frescography technique, a digital manufacturing method (CAM) invented by Rainer Maria Latzke addresses some of the personalisation and size restrictions.
Some muralists will paint directly without any prior sketching, preferring the spontaneous technique.
In Greco-Roman times, mostly encaustic colors applied in a cold state were used.Already existing murals can be photographed and then be reproduced in near-to-original quality.The disadvantages of pre-fabricated murals and decals are that they are often mass-produced and lack the allure and exclusivity of an original artwork.The huge collection of Kerala mural painting dating from the 14th century are examples of fresco secco.In modern times, the term became more well-known with the Mexican muralism art movement (Diego Rivera, David Siqueiros and José Orozco). The best-known is probably fresco, which uses water-soluble paints with a damp lime wash, a rapid use of the resulting mixture over a large surface, and often in parts (but with a sense of the whole). The marouflage method has also been used for millennia.The area to be painted can be gridded to match the design allowing the image to be scaled accurately step by step.