V.-prevention programs, messages or research impossible for U. Watson’s face was still as a stone; as he snapped his neck to the side, his waist-length dreadlocks whipped around his head.
The message: “We need you to come back.” But of 8 million in H. V./AIDS philanthropic dollars spent in the United States in 2015, million was disbursed to the South, just 19 percent of total H. During Millett’s decades in government and nonprofit organizations, he has combed through mounds of data about H. “We are going to eventually end AIDS in the United States, but I fear it’s not going to happen for black M. M.,” he said, referring to men who have sex with men. With so many black gay men already infected, the horse is already out of the barn.”On Saturday nights, men of color in and around Jackson make their way to the gay club Metro.
arly on a balmy morning last October, Cedric Sturdevant began his rounds along the bumpy streets and back roads of Jackson, Miss. If he doesn’t make these rounds, he has learned, many of these patients will not get to the doctor’s appointments, pharmacies, food banks and counseling sessions that can make the difference between life and death. I’m proud of you.” But Marq barely said goodbye as he jumped out of the car in front of a convenience store on an avenue scattered with a pawnshop, a liquor store and several Baptist churches, and he all but admitted he was planning to spend the afternoon smoking weed and looking at Instagram. The South also has the highest numbers of people living with H. An unconscionable number of them are dying: In 2014, according to a new analysis from Duke University, 2,952 people in the Deep South (Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee and Texas) died with H. “Growing up, I was taught that God was not fixing to forgive a person who was homosexual,” Sturdevant said. in 2005, Sturdevant knew little about the virus and was too depressed and ashamed to tell anyone at first. And yet a series of fateful decisions and omissions, dating back to the discovery of the disease, have led to a present that looks like the past — but only for some. Barbara Lee, the longtime United States representative from Northern California, has signed her name as a sponsor to every piece of major federal H. V./AIDS legislation since she was first elected in 1998. He pointed to stacks of studies over the years, including a groundbreaking, exhaustive 2006 data dive led by Greg Millett that was published in The American Journal of Public Health.
Sturdevant, 52, has racked up nearly 300,000 miles driving in loops and widening circles around Jackson in his improvised role of visiting nurse, motivational coach and father figure to a growing number of young gay men and transgender women suffering from H. Negotiating a maze of unpaved roads in Jackson in the company car, a 13-year-old Ford Expedition with cracked seats and chipped paint, he stopped to drop off H. “Knucklehead,” Sturdevant whispered, as the teenager slammed the door. Jackson, the capital of Mississippi, the country’s poorest state, is best known for blues, barbecue and “The Help.” It also has the nation’s highest rate — 40 percent — of gay and bisexual men living with H. “The Bible supposedly said you’re going straight to hell, automatically, there’s no forgiveness. There were several times I wanted to get sick and die. When his partner died the following year, he let the disease consume him. History marks the beginning of the American AIDS epidemic as June 5, 1981, when an issue of the C. C.’s Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report — the authoritative voice of the agency — highlighted five cases of pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP) in previously healthy men in Los Angeles. is repealed, Gipson said, “it just means that the entire country becomes Mississippi.”For nearly two decades, the United States has focused money and attention on the H. In 2003, she was a co-author of legislation that led to the President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (Pepfar). In this and other studies, Millett and his colleagues found that gay black men engage in risky sexual practices no more frequently, are as consistent about condom use and have fewer sex partners than their nonblack peers. King, an author and self-proclaimed sex educator whom I interviewed in 2001. educators at an AIDS conference in Washington: “I sleep with men, but I am not bisexual, and I am certainly not gay.
Sturdevant is a project coordinator at My Brother’s Keeper, a local social-services nonprofit. After a while a young man emerged, shirtless, shrugging off sleep. Sturdevant handed him the package, shook his hand and told him to “stay out of trouble.”Sturdevant drove on another 15 minutes to pick up Marq (a shortened version of his name to protect his privacy), a teenager who was still reeling from the H. He looked up briefly when Sturdevant told him, “You’ve come a long way. In Jackson, a small city of just over 170,000, half a dozen black gay or bisexual men receive the shock of a diagnosis every month, and more than 3,600 people, the majority of them black men, live with the virus. who don’t know they have been infected, which means they are not engaged in lifesaving treatment and care — and are at risk of infecting others. as an underlying cause, with the highest death rates in Mississippi and Louisiana. Sturdevant, born and raised in Metcalfe, a tiny Mississippi Delta town of about 1,000, understands all too well the fear, stigma and isolation that can come with being a black gay man in the South. “I just don’t know how everything got so bad.”Given the advances in research, information and treatment, it seems inconceivable that someone living with the virus today, like Jordon, could look as if he had stepped out of the early years of the epidemic. Community organizations became targets of anti-gay crusades, subjected to intense scrutiny, including exhaustive audits, by federal agencies. Most scientists now believe that risk of contracting H. But if you are in a community, like Jackson, where a high percentage of gay and bisexual men are infected with H. This explanation of “viral load” helps dispel the stubbornly held notion that gay and bisexual black men have more sex than other men, a false perception embedded in the American sexual imagination and fueled by stereotypes of black men as hypersexual Mandingos dating back to slavery.“Black men are not just out here having unprotected sex willy-nilly; the science disproves that,” said Terrance Moore, deputy executive director of the National Alliance of State and Territorial AIDS Directors in Washington.
Sturdevant banged on the door of a small house, its yard overgrown with weeds; he knew not to leave the package on the doorstep, where it could be stolen. The teenager slumped in the back seat, half listening, half checking his texts. V.-related death rate was seven times as high as that of the United States population at large. Everybody knows everybody else in Jackson’s small, tight-knit black gay community, and most men will find their sexual partners in this network. boils down to a numbers game rather than a blame game: If the virus is not present in your sexual network, you can have unprotected sex and not get infected. — and many don’t know it and go untreated — any unprotected sexual encounter becomes a potential time bomb.
V.-positive, the other negative; they lived in the neighborhood locals call the Bottom, where every fifth or sixth home is abandoned, with broken windows, doors hanging off hinges, downed limbs and dry leaves blanketing front yards. As they headed to and from a doctor’s appointment and a meeting with a counselor, Sturdevant, slow-talking and patient, with eyes that disappear into his cheekbones when he smiles and a snowy beard, gently grilled him, reminding him to stay on his meds. infection among gay men, especially gay black men, began to spike sharply from 2000 on, because of an anti-science campaign that allowed for little or nothing to be done for a maligned community simply due to ideology and bigotry,” Millett said. After a few songs, the music ended as the club prepared for a 1 a.m. Stevenson, sweaty and breathless, melted into a conversation with other dancers.