In absence of agreement, a contested divorce may be stressful to the spouses.
In some other countries, when the spouses agree to divorce and to the terms of the divorce, it can be certified by a non-judiciary administrative entity.
The effect of a divorce is that both parties are free to marry again if a filing in an appellate court does not overturn the decision.
Contested divorces mean that one of several issues are required to be heard by a judge at trial level—this is more expensive, and the parties will have to pay for a lawyer's time and preparation.
The Vatican City is an ecclesiastical state, which has no procedure for divorce.Also in Italy, new laws came into force in 20 with significant changes in Italian law in matter of divorce: apart from shortening of the period of obligatory separation (6 months or 1 year from the previous 3 years), are allowed other forms of getting a divorce – as an alternative to court proceedings, i.e.the negotiations with the participation of an advocate or agreement made before the registrar of Public Registry Office.Before the late 1960s, nearly all countries that permitted divorce required proof by one party that the other party had committed an act incompatible to the marriage.This was termed "grounds" for divorce (popularly called "fault") and was the only way to terminate a marriage.Countries that have relatively recently legalized divorce are Italy (1970), Portugal (1975), Brazil (1977), Spain (1981), Argentina (1987), Where it is seen as a contract, the refusal or inability of one spouse to perform the obligations stipulated in the contract may constitute a ground for divorce for the other spouse.